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更新时间  2023-05-05 20:36 阅读
本文摘要:If you want a problem solved, beware politicians bearing gimmicks. For more than seven years, Boris Johnson has made the bicycle the symbol of his mayoralty and an emblem of his political style: reassuringly traditional but green and moder


If you want a problem solved, beware politicians bearing gimmicks. For more than seven years, Boris Johnson has made the bicycle the symbol of his mayoralty and an emblem of his political style: reassuringly traditional but green and modern. That is politics for you. But it has nothing to do with the pressing problems London faces in transport policy.如果你期望问题获得解决问题,就要小心那些欺骗花招的政客。7年多来,鲍里斯约翰逊(Boris Johnson)让自行车沦为了他作为伦敦市长的标志以及他政治风格的象征物:可信、传统,但环保、现代。


It is 12 years since the congestion charge was introduced in London — yet the centre of the city is often at a standstill, sometimes for reasons that defy common sense. I recently counted 15 buses on the Strand, which runs east from Trafalgar Square all the way to the Law Courts. Six of them were empty. The capital has more than 66,000 private hire drivers [IS THERE A SOURCE FOR THIS?], distinct from black cabs, summoned all over the city centre by iPhone apps or controllers in grubby offices. Do we need so many? And who truly believes the planned “cycle superhighway” along Victoria Embankment will do anything but slow the miserable snake of cars along the river to a near standstill? Not everyone cycles, Mr Johnson.12年前,伦敦开收拥堵费,然而伦敦市中心现在还经常出现交通中断,有时其原因变得违背常理。我最近数了数岸滨街(Strand)上的15辆公交车,其中6辆是空车(岸滨街从特拉法尔加广场向东,仍然伸延到皇家司法院(Royal Courts of Justice))。

在伦敦,除了少见的黑色出租车,还有总共逾6.6万名持有人私人出租车辆(PHV)牌照的司机,可以通过iPhone应用于或乱糟糟的办公室的掌控员叫他们的车。我们必须这么多出租车辆吗?谁知道坚信,规划中沿着维多利亚堤岸(Victoria Embankment)修筑的“自行车高速公路”不会知道简单?它只不会让泰晤士河沿岸原本前进较慢的车流完全暂停行进。约翰逊,不是所有人都骑车。London’s often imbecilic transport arrangements are a serious problem for a global city that is the engine of the British economy and a magnet to commercial companies and creative geniuses who want to live and work in the country. That allure remains powerful. But we dare not take it for granted. A city that is impossible to move around rapidly loses its charm for men and women who can afford to live anywhere.作为一个夹住着英国经济,更有着商业公司和期望在英国生活和工作的创新天才前来的全球城市,伦敦常常变得可笑的交通决定是一个相当严重问题。


Consider the buses, grinding their way pointlessly around the city’s 19,500 bus stops. The contracting out of London’s bus services was launched 30 years ago, when London Buslines took over route 81. Now private operators run all 700 of the capital’s routes.以公交车为事例,它们漫无目的地艰辛来回在伦敦1.95万个公交车站点之间。30年前,London Buslines总承包了81路,由此打开了伦敦公交车服务的外包。

如今,伦敦总共700条公交路线全部由私人运营商经营。Strictly speaking, this is not privatisation but competitive tendering; though private companies handle the running of the routes, they still receive subsidy from the taxpayer, which in 2013 worked out at about 15p every time someone made a journey[IS THERE A SOURCE FOR THIS?]. Yet empty buses on the Strand contribute nothing except gridlock. The contracts for operators ought to penalise such failures. A company that routinely sends out buses to tour London without a single passenger should face financial sanctions.严格来说,这并非私有化,而是竞争招标:尽管私营企业负责管理这些路线的运营,但它们仍拒绝接受纳税人的补贴,对乘车人每次乘车的补贴金额在2013年大约为15便士。


那些让定点收到的公交车在伦敦四处空驶的公司,不应被判处罚款。The same logic should apply to roadworks. Transport for London, the government body responsible for most of the capital’s public transport, collates a central register of disruption on its website. This is pointless; it is near the works themselves that the warnings need to be displayed and well in advance. Too often they are not. Worse, the works are frequently unmanned and, like empty buses, contribute nothing but inertia.某种程度的逻辑不应限于于道路施工。

负责管理伦敦多数公共交通的政府机构伦敦运输局(Transport for London)不会在网站上集中于发布道路施工信息。这是毫无意义的;警告标识应当设于施工道路附近,并且不应提早充足长时间另设好。很多时候施工道路附近显然没警告标识。

更加差劲的是,施工现场常常无人管理,与空车一样,没任何用处,知足减少交通堵塞。We should limit much more clearly the length of time that can be spent digging up a road, with tough fines for those who miss their targetsThe next mayor should commit herself or himself to halving the number of holes[IE POTHOLES? OR HOLES THAT ARE BEING DUG UP?] in the road.我们应付道路施工的时限展开具体得多的容许,对那些没如期竣工的工程不应判处高额罚金。When distilled to its very basics, modern political discourse is often the same question rephrased in many ways: when is it appropriate for the government or other public authorityies to be involved in the operations of the market, and when not? Transport is an area of policy where the energy of competition and efficiency of the private sector should be harnessed. But public regulation is just as important. Would it not make sense, say, for delivery trucks over a certain size to be told to deliver between midday and 5pm, and not in daytime at all for the largest vehicles? Of course, there would be exceptions: medical supplies, for example. And it might be feasible for the regulations to be waived in return for a hefty antisocial delivery charge, with proceeds going to London’s public transport budget.本质上,现代政治话语往往是用很多方式阐释的同一个问题:政府或其他公共部门什么时候应当参予到市场运营中,什么时候又该置身事外?在交通政策领域,应付竞争的活力和私营部门的效率加以利用。


What is woefully apparent is that these questions have not been seriously addressed. London’s transport policy is a national issue. The next mayor needs to tackle this problem head on, take hard decisions and seek legislation if necessary. Let us hope she or he offers more than a winning smile and a bike.悲伤的是,这些问题似乎没获得严肃解决问题。伦敦的交通政策是一个国家问题。下一任伦敦市长必须迎难而上解决问题这个问题、作出艰苦要求,在适当时可无可奈何法律。让我们期望,她或他给我们带给的某种程度是一个迷人的微笑和一辆自行车吧。